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Evolution of the Singapore Population

Executive Summary

  • A quick and cursory look at Singapore population evolution based on publicly available dataset
  • Singapore has aged dramatically from 2000 to 2016
  • A comparision with population in 2000 with that of 2016 shows that a shortage working age population had to be made up with permanent residents or naturalised citizens
  • The proportion of working age Singapore residents has been decreasing since 2011 and looks likely to continue so in the next few years due to the lack of younger population projected to enter the work force
  • The ethnic mix of Singapore has remained relatively constant from 2000 -- 2016


Singapore has always been population-challenged. The fact that Singapore will always depend on the quality its people in order to survive in this globalised world has been known since its founding in 1965.

Its size represents a glass ceiling limiting economic potential and in turn societal stability. Without a high quality labor force, Singapore would find it hard to attract investors, talents and business interest when compared to neighbours such as Indonesia which has a large market to which companies can sell to.

As Singapore develops and acquires some of the characteristics of developed economies such as an aging labour force and the need to move towards a consumer/knowledge-driven economy (if that is even possible in Sinpapore's context), demographics will play a crucial role in the future of Singapore. The effects of demographic evolution are magnified in Singapore since unlike other countries, we have neither natural resources to cushion the effects of global economic vagaries nor a hinterland for us to be self-sustaining in terms of key need such as water and food.

Thus to satisfy my curiousity about how the Singapore demographics have changed over the years, I decided to make a quick and cursory analysis of publicly available data from

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